McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing group based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best referred to as a Formula One manufacturer and likewise has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis builder, and has actually won the Canadian-American Obstacle Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing championship. The group is the 2nd oldest active, and 2nd most effective Formula One team after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Chauffeurs' Championships and 8 Fitters' Championships. The team is an entirely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, however their biggest initial success remained in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Further American accomplishment followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren automobiles for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a screening mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the team to their very first Formula One Constructors' Champion in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 also marked the start of an enduring sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Project 4 Racing; Dennis took control of as team principal and quickly after arranged a buyout of the original McLaren investors to take full control of the team. This started the team's most effective age: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them 7 Chauffeurs' Championships and the group took six Constructors' Champions. The combination of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later their competition soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams offered the most constant challenge throughout this duration, the two winning every builders' title in between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Solution One, Senna had relocated to Williams, and the team went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and previous Williams designer Adrian Newey, further championships came in 1998 and 1999 with driver Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the group were consistent front-runners, motorist Lewis Hamilton taking their newest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren group principal in 2009, turning over to long time McLaren staff member Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the group's worst season because 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be utilizing 570s gt4 Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the first time given that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had actually settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season until a minimum of 2024. After initially going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works driver for the British Solution One team Cooper with whom he had actually won three Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Championship. Wishing to complete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, but when group owner Charles Cooper insisted on using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce decided to set up his own group to run him and his prospective Formula One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-made Cooper vehicles.